... more than 500 prizes have been awarded. But which nation can claim the most winners?
We have trawled through the archives to produce a definitive list of the nations with the biggest brains.
A clear winner would be the United States which comes out top overall, as well as in five of the six categories. The UK is next, with 117 Nobel medals. However, France, which bumps along in fourth or fifth, is clearly ahead when it comes to literature.
But there are a total of 69 countries or territories whose citizens have picked up the prize, from St Lucia to this week's latest addition, Peru, birthplace of author Mario Vargas Llosa.
HMMM. USA 323. UK 117, GERMANY 103. AMERICANS SHOULD BE VERY PROUD.
NOW... ER UM... HOW MANY JEWS HAVE WON THE NOBEL?
THE PERCENTAGES FOR JEWS ARE AS FOLLOWS:
- Chemistry (31 prize winners, 20% of world total, 28% of US total)
- Economics (27 prize winners, 42% of world total, 56% of US total)
- Literature (13 prize winners, 12% of world total, 27% of US total)
- Peace (9 prize winners, 9% of world total, 10% of US total)4
- Physics (47 prize winners, 25% of world total, 36% of US total)
- Physiology or Medicine (53 prize winners, 27% of world total, 40% of US total)
127 NOBELS FROM .2% OF THE WORLD'S POPULATION.
JEWS ARE THE BRAINIEST PEOPLE ON EARTH.