How Cold Fusion Can Work With Hydrogen and Nickel
A lot of questions have arisen after the two remarkable scientists Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi reported their successful discovery of cold fusion. There were other scientists who tried to confirm the basic principles behind the reactions occurring in cold fusion. Some failed in obtaining cold fusion in the first place, while others succeeded. This only created more controversies and triggered more curiosity about how cold fusion can work with Hydrogen and Nickel at temperatures below 1000K, as claimed by Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi.
This contradicts the principles of nuclear physics and as more scientists have continued to contribute to understanding the process, here is an account of what could likely explain how cold fusion can work with Nickel Hydrogen fusion.
The Nickel Hydrogen fusion process produces energy and copper isotope. The copper isotope decays producing a different Nickel isotope which yields more energy. Based on this principle, according to Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi they have successfully developed a cold fusion reactor.
This reaction is believed to have the capacity of producing 12,400 watts of heat energy with an input of as little as 400 watts of electricity.
In January they held a press conference to show how their apparatus works.
Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi explained that when the atomic nuclei of both Hydrogen and Nickel fuse in their cold fusion device or reactor. Less than one gram of Hydrogen is used in the reactor and the reaction starts with 1,000 watts of electricity. After a few minutes the amount of electricity is reduced to 400 watts. As the reaction proceeds it converts 292 grams of water art 20°C into dry steam at 101°C.
The Principles of the Reaction
Professor Christos Stremmenos has provided a reasonable theory on how cold fusion can work with Hydrogen and Nickel. He supported the Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi theory which also says that the Nickel nuclei being a crystal structure fuses with the Hydrogen nuclei which diffuse into the Nickel nuclei. Coulomb forces are taken over by the resultant nuclear forces. Nickel acts as a catalyst and decomposes the bi-molecules of Hydrogen breaking them into single molecules. At the same time, these Hydrogen molecules come into contact with the surface of the Nickel atoms. The electrons in Hydrogen atoms get deposited on the Nickel atom in the Fermi Band and diffuse deeper into the crystal structure in Nickel atoms. This is how the Nickel Hydrogen fusion occurs.
Professor Christos Stremmenos also believes that the electrons in the central cavity of the Nickel crystal result in a shielding force. This shield holds on to the Hydrogen or deuterium nuclei within the Nickel atom. Stremmenos suggests that this serves as the source of energy for cold fusion reaction. Subsequently, the captured Hydrogen atoms within Nickel result in exothermic nuclear reactions which produce isotopes which are by products of the Nickel Hydrogen fusion.