The new EU Reform Treaty is effectively the same as the constitution it was designed to replace, according to a leading architect of the constitution.
The treaty differs from the abandoned constitution in "approach rather than content", says former French President Valery Giscard d'Estaing.
Mr Giscard d'Estaing led a committee drafting the constitution, rejected by French and Dutch voters in 2004.
Several European governments hope to avoid a referendum on the new treaty.
... The EU Reform Treaty was agreed earlier this month at a summit in Lisbon, Portugal.
The document aims to streamline decision-making within an enlarged EU of 27 member nations.
It was written to replace an EU draft constitution that was overwhelmingly rejected by French and Dutch voters in 2004.
In his article for The Independent, Mr Giscard d'Estaing says the treaty was drafted by legal experts in a process very different from the "public" debates that yielded the constitution.
He describes the treaty as "a catalogue of amendments" that is impenetrable for the public.
- THIS IS SIMPLY GOVERNMENT WITHOUT CONSENT OF THE GOVERNED - AND THAT IS TYRANNY.
- THESE EU THUGS DON'T CARE ABOUT GETTING THE CONSENT OF THE GOVERNED; THEY THINK THE PUBLIC IS TOO DUMB TO UNDERSTAND THE TREATY.
BIENVENUE TO THE EUSSR.